- the pipeline: women Ph.D.s leave academia. why? see 2-4
- climate: "Many women attribute their exit from the academy to hostility from colleagues and a chilly campus climate. This atmosphere is invisible to many men."
- unconscious bias: women need far more publications to be considered as competent as men during the hiring processes and during the promotion and tenure process
- Balancing family and work: "The responsibilities for family caretaking ... continue to fall disproportionately on women"
Despite all the negative press about women and science, I feel very fortunate to be getting my PhD in 2005 rather than in 1970. When my mother got her job, she was the only female science faculty member, and they decided to make her office in the education department rather than the biology department. Theoretically, this was so she would be more comfortable. What's more likely is that her male colleagues weren't ready for a woman peer.
We've come a long way since then, but we have a long way to go, too.